Geopathic Stress

The most common types of energy fields that cause geopathic stress emanate from Hartmann Grids, Underground Streams and Geological Faults

Geopathic Stress:    Is the result of spending long periods working or sleeping above any building or place where the natural energy of the Earth is disturbed by weak electromagnetic fields created by underground streams, certain mineral concentrations, fault lines and cavities.  Some early symptoms often experienced above these geopathic zones are related to restlessness, headaches, insomnia and fatigue. If you continue to stay in these areas especially during sleep, then in the long term the stresses on our bodies will emerge as more serious conditions such as, diseases of the central nervous system, Multiple Sclerosis (MS), Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS), miscarriages, and cancer. While we are asleep our body should be resting so it can repair body cells, fight infections and absorb nutrients from food. However, if we sleep in an area affected by geopathic stress, our body has to use all its energy just to keep its vital organs going. As a result our immune system becomes weakened, which means it has difficulty in absorbing nutrients or fighting off infections as efficiently as it should.

In Germany and Austria today there are signs of the seriousness with which geopathic stress is taken. Not only are the public more generally aware, but their governments funds aid and continuing research in to the matter. In some schools children are moved at frequent intervals to avoid possible harmful effects. Reports from other countries such as Switzerland, France, the Netherlands, Belgium and Scandinavia indicate that they too have been taking notice.

Can These Geopathic Energies be Neutralized?

There are many factors that can contribute to an illness. Geopathic Stress is only one of them and it is becoming more difficult to gauge especially when the natural energy field is constantly changed and amplified by man-made electromagnetic fields. If geopathic stress is suspected, it makes sense to move away from the source or to think about dealing with the threat. Moving may be relatively easy but neutralizing it is fraught with many problems. Claims and counter claims abound regarding devises to achieve this, leaving the public in total confusion. From an incredible range of gadgets offered there are many tales about their ineffectiveness or of making the receiver feel much worse. There are many products on the market that claim to cure some or all geopathic zones of its noxious energy. Most of these claims are quite dubious and do not stand up to the most rudimental scientific testing. Fortunately there are now a growing number of dowsers that are equipped with scientific monitoring instruments that can test such claims.

Geopathic Stress Documentary


If you find time, this geopathic stress documentary is extremely interesting  and compliments the work I have been doing over the last 12 years and 30 years my father before me with the same conclusions. Click on link:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Wprr9TYUwo   


Please scroll down the articles on this page for a more scientific understanding of geopathic stress. Currently the most notable contribution to an understanding of geopathic stress are research and articles by the following:

Professor Gehard W. Hacker

Wolfgang Maes

Professor Dr. H Hacek: Institute of Consumer Research Wien.

There is also an interesting piece of research at the end of the page about the credibility of Vega testing for geopathic stress.

The most useful research document is below under the heading ‘Vienna Report’ Read my summary and then either open up the original research document in German or the Poor English translation after the summary.

These and other studies are listed below:

There’s nothing like snuggling up in a warm bed to make us feel relaxed warm and safe. But the very we go when we feel unwell could actually be making us ill. It’s all down to Geopathic Stress. Geopathic stress - or harmful earth rays - is natural radiation that rises up through the earth and is distorted by weak electromagnetic fields created by underground streams, certain mineral concentrations and fault lines. The wave lengths of the disturbed natural radiation can seriously affect our health, causing cancer, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME) infertility and miscarriage. While we are asleep our body should be resting so it can repair body cells, fight infections and absorb nutrients from food. However, if we sleep in an area affected by geopathic stress, our body has to use all it’s energy just to keep  vital organs going. As a result our immune system becomes weakened, which means it doesn’t absorb nutrients or fight off infections effectively. To locate geopathic stress dowsers visit land, offices and homes where they  seek  the location of underground streams, geological faults or the earth’s natural grid lines. As of yet there is no acceptable scientific explanation for dowsing. However, for thousands of years people from all over the world have been finding underground water for wells and mineral deposits to mine by dowsing methods. Remember it’s the energy from the water and other artefacts that they first respond to as it rises from deep beneath the ground to the surface.

The first studies that proved a link between cancer and geopathic stress were carried out in the early 20th century in Austria and Germany but, so far geopathic stress has been largely ignored in the UK. The phenomenon has been linked to insomnia, migraine, headaches, loss of balance, short -term memory loss, joint pain, cot death, infertility, miscarriages, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME) and cancer. Women are more likely to be at risk from geopathic stress because their hormonal systems are more susceptible. Foresight, the pre-conception care organisation, even suggests that couples trying for a baby should get their homes checked for geopathic stress and ensure that electrical equipment is not located under their beds as this can cause electromagnetic stress and deplete the immune system.
For many of us who fall sick and seek the help of a doctor a few minutes is spent discussing symptoms and lifestyle quickly followed by the doctor scribbling on a proscription pad. It may surprise you therefore, that in many European countries, Germany and Austria in particular, one of  the first questions the doctor may ask is about the  location of your bed and how long have you been sleeping there. These questions are routinely asked not only by several thousand doctors, but also many cancer specialist hospitals will recommend a Geopathic Surveyor or Geobiologist as they are often called to investigate your home before deciding on a course of therapy or reaching for the prescription pad. The search, using both dowsing methods to locate geopathic energies and scientific instruments to detect man made electromagnetic energies will  determine whether your illness is linked to geopathic stress electromagnetic stress or both. If so, you will be advised how to avoid or eliminate these harmful energies from your home so you stand a better chance of responding to any treatment given.

Classical Early Symptoms of Sleeping Above an Underground Stream

Energy depleted state.     Panic attacks.     Insomnia.      Depression.     Headaches.      Short term memory loss.     Loss of balance.      Hypersensitivity to light

Muscle and joint pains.    Candidacies.       Energy depleted state.  

    Long term exposure in combination with other types of energy such as Hartman lines, high electromagnetic fields or geological faults can give rise to optimistic abnormal cell growth and cancer. It has been known for a long time that when there is flowing water under a dwelling the inhabitants always feel more tired, are prone to premature aging and have a loss of vitality than those who sleep above neutral ground. While water running beneath a domestic dwelling should be avoided, a stream situated nearby and open to the sky will favourably discharge its negative energies harmlessly into the atmosphere.

Professor Dr. H Hubacek: Institute of Consumer Research Wien

{This is just a summary of the report. I have the original 134 page research document in German and a badly translated version in English. Now available below as PDF files.

The Vienna Report

Research in to the Biological Influences of Geopathic Locations

[Institute of Consumer Research and Product Marketing Vienna]


Germany has long been the seat of research in to the biological effects that pathogenic locations can have on both human and plant biochemistry. These pathogenic locations defined in the report as, ‘earth radiation's evoked by a discontinuity of the normal physical parameters on the surface of the earth,’ and shortened to ‘Disturbed Zones’ are the subject of the research.

Historic roots of the investigation are built on claims that pathogenic zones exist at certain locations and that sleeping or spending long periods of time above them are linked to cancer, debilitating diseases of the central nervous system, chronic fatigue and general ill health. Such locations have been termed in China and many European countries as either ‘cursed’ or ‘cancer’ houses. The aim of the report is to establish whether these ‘Disturbed Sites’ can produce statistically significant results to support the high degree of topicality the phenomenon is having in both main stream and alternative medical practices. cancer.

The research was conducted by a team of distinguished professors, doctors, engineers, scientists and dowsers. The functioning hypothesis of the research was that geophysical characteristics of the surface of the earth are not uniform and that location dependent influences exist that can have a detrimental effect on both human and plant biochemical systems.

To test this hypothesis the research team used the services of three dowsers known for there expertise in locating earth energies. They were enlisted to independently dowse eight different locations and submit reports and diagrams of the strongest ‘Disturbed Zones’ found, together with a ‘Neutral Zone’ at the same location to enable them to carryout double blind experiments with volunteers at each selected location. The dowsers found that the greatest pathogenic influences came from the movement of Underground streams, Hartmann/ Curry Global Grid lines and Geological Fault Lines.. In order to rule out possible influences of man made electromagnetic or microwave disturbances at each location an independent report from an electromechanical engineer was requested for each chosen site.

The medical biological Investigations at both the ‘Disturbed Zones’ and the ‘Indifferent Zones’ were standardized:

1. Investigations after 15 minuets stay on Indifferent Zone.
2. Investigations after 15 minutes stay on the ‘Disturbed Zone’.
3. Investigations again after a further 15 minute stay on an Indifferent Zone.

In some investigations the stay times were extended and included an additional investigation after 5 minuets stay on the ‘Disturbed Zone’

At present, these so called ‘Disturbed Zones’ can only be indicated by dowsers, with its presence being then verified with scientific instrumentation. Technology does not yet exist to do this the other way round; the dowser does not yet appear to be replaceable with scientific instrumentation.

Volunteers were sought to participate in these experiments. As a rule clinically healthy subjects between the ages of 20-35 years were screened. A number of these were rejected when illnesses (circulation interference and infections) were discovered. Other participants were also used from the Outpatients Department for Physical Therapy in the Rehabilitation Centre, Grobming and from the Surgery of Dr. Korinek. The research program was carried out between September 1987 and December 1988. None of the volunteers used were given information about the relative ‘Disturbed Zones’ and ‘Indifferent Zones’

Research Results (Vienna Report)

The Project
The project involved the testing of 24 different biological parameters involving 985 trial volunteers in 6,943 investigations using 462, 421 individual measurements.

In 12 of these parameters results were significant to highly significant.
In 5 of the parameters there were tendencies to significance.
6 parameters proved negative.

17 of the parameters proved positive. However because of the high standard of the research only significant results were accepted.

Decoder Analysis of the Total Bioelectric Status
This investigation was significant and was carried out on a number of patients from a country medical practice. The stereotypical result on the ‘Disturbed Zone’ was deterioration of the electro-biological functioning in the sense of depression or blockage of bioelectric functions. Three silver electrodes were used placed on the forehead, palms and soles; a microprocessor based unit automatically produced the results.

Heart Frequency Reaction (HFR)
In these investigations measurements from an electrocardiogram (ECG) were used in both sitting and lying down positions. Three circulation parameters were measured and two further calculated. All measured parameters gave reference to location dependence with the integral rake size for Systolic ventricle work showing significantly different behaviour. This deterioration of the HFR was thought to be due to ‘Location load’ from the ‘Disturbed Zone’. The ECG normalized after leaving the ‘Disturbed Zone’. It was reckoned with over 95 – percentile certainty that there is a location influence on the governing system of the circulation.

Akrale Re-warming Time
The temperature measurement at the finger tips revealed that after standardized cooling on the ‘Disturbed Zone’ the Rewarming time is delayed significantly.

Optical Flicker Fusion Frequency
This test measures the psycho sensory capabilities of the person. In the 15 minute time exposure on the ‘Disturbed Zone’ the results remained under the significance barrier. It was thought however, that if the experiment allowed further time exposure the investigation may have achieved a significant result.

Coordinative Vegetative Rhythm
Passive rhythms such as breath and pulse frequency operate in balanced Coordinative rhythms especially when at rest. The ratios of these vegetative rhythms were tested on both the experimental zones. The Biometric analysis showed that on the ‘Indifferent Zone’ the pulse-breath quotient remained in balance but was significantly affected on the ‘Disturbed Zone’.

Muscle Frequency Analysis
Significant location variations in the distribution of the muscle action frequencies were found in areas of electric muscle potential. This suggested an interference of the endogenous rhythm created by the ‘Disturbed Zone’

Humorale –Biochemical Parameters
The three Immunoglobulins that were examined; IgA, IgG, and IgM showed clear reactions on the ‘Disturbed Zones’ that were partly and high significant. The immunoglobulin IgA showed the most significant drop on the ‘Disturbed Zone’. These values however normalized when later blood samples were analyzed after the subjects were tested on the ‘Indifferent Zone’

Calcium and Potassium
On ‘Disturbed Zones’ potassium levels increased with a rising significance and calcium increased significantly.

Zinc
Under certain conditions traces of the element zinc increased highly significantly on the ‘Disturbed Zone’

Serotonin
Decreased by a factor of 6 on the ‘Disturbed Zone’ whilst increasing its metabolism to advance Tryptophan in compensation. This reaction was highly significant.

Blood Sedimentation Speed
Investigations comparing the Blood Corpuscle Decline Speed on the ‘Indifferent Zone’ and the ‘Disturbed Zone’ yielded significantly different behaviour in 452 double investigations in 112 days. Blood sedimentation speed slowed down whilst on the ‘Disturbed Zone’

Conclusion of Report

The ‘Location Effect’ of the ‘Disturbed Zone’ on regulatory systems of the human organism is proved without doubt and raises the question of which substratum, subsystem or system the location dependent powers primarily attack.

The test results were lined up by Biometric Significance and are valued with the Serotonin and the Blood Corpuscle Decline Speed (BSG) in lead position.

Serotonin
Serotonin is diminished on the ‘Disturbed Zone’ and its metabolism advances the tendency for Tryptophan to be increased. The latter can be noted as a compensation process. One of the main functions of Serotonin is to act as a neurotransmitter in the parasympathetic system which controls energy provision.

The research team concluded that there was no evidence to relate ‘Location Load’ to a specific illness but should be rather determined as a risk factor that can reinforce the effect of different pathogenic factors. ‘Location Load’ as a result of spending time above a ‘Disturbed Zone’ belongs to other similar risk factors such as;
• Environmental Chemicals, Poisons & Pollutants.
• Malnutrition / Diet
• Recreational Drugs
• Alcohol
• Psycho social Stresses
• Genetic Weaknesses
• Electromagnetic Pollution

The term ‘Location Load’ is synonymous to ‘Geopathic Stress’ which more generally


describes the phenomenon in both Great Britain and the United State


Text Full Research Documents English & German Translation


Vienna Report English translation (Poor translation)


https://files.acrobat.com/a/preview/a5ee4da7-7f49-4768-9f53-e52e6fed1976  



Vienna Report original German


https://files.acrobat.com/a/preview/0137a241-2eea-40a8-a0e6-65ef25ca87eb






Professor Gehard W. Hacker

Geophysical Background, Target Structures and Effects of Geopathic Stress Zones, as Detected with

Gas Discharge Visualization (GDV) Methodology

Gerhard W. HACKERa,*and Gernot PAUSERb 

a Univ.-Prof. Dr. Gerhard W. Hacker: Head, IGGMB - Research Institute for Frontier Questions of Medicine and Biotechnology, Landeskrankenhaus Salzburg, University Clinics of the Paracelsus Private Medical University, Salzburg Federal Clinics (SALK), Salzburg, Austria.

Internet: www.med-grenzfragen.at

e-Mail: g.hacker@salk.at
b Univ.-Prof. Dr. Gernot PAUSER: University Clinic for Anesthesiology, Perioperative Medicine and General Intensive Care, Landeskrankenhaus Salzburg, University Clinics of the Paracelsus Private Medical University, Salzburg Federal Clinics (SALK), Salzburg, Austria.

Internet: www.anaesthesie-salzburg.at  

e-Mail: g.pauser@salk.at
 

1. GEOPATHIC STRESS ZONES

Already since thousands of years, the existence of specific locations where people do not sleep well, get sick more easily, or where performance is lower has been empirically known (e.g., 1-3). Dowsers and geobiologists have termed such zones as “water veins” or “earth rays“. However, these terms are misleading and technically incorrect. In recent years, the expressions “geopathic stress” and “geopathic interference zones” have been accepted internationally to describe the phenomenon.

Only rudimental evidence is available today, if such zones could be measured using accepted physical apparatus. Our knowledge on the geophysical reasons for geopathy is also very limited. It is clear that the phenomenon is composed by combinations of different causes. At present, for most aspects contained herein, only hypotheses can be formed - and there are many of them. Most explanations tried concentrate on the existence of natural electromagnetic fields (EMFs) present at particular locations, “interfering” with the organisms. Many “specialists” presume that the origin to be in the ground – below the earth surface. Frequencies in between about 0,1 Hz up to the GHz-range are being suggested in public literature.

One of the reasons why an incontrovertible physical measurement of the assumedly existing electromagnetic fields appears to be impossible at present could be that these are very variable, broad-banded and at the same time only present in very low power strengths, “hidden” in the surrounding electromagnetic noise. An apparatus able to discriminate such low energy broadband EMFs from noise apparently is not yet available. A recent technological innovation can now aid us in this quest, allowing a sophisticated physical measurability of deviations of the earth's magnetic field: the SQUID–technology. With Super-Conducting Quantum Interference Devices (SQUID), it is possible to quantify variations of one ten billionth [American English] of the earth's magnetic field. This highly sensitive technology is being used successfully in medical science (e.g. optical cardio-magnetometry), in detecting material defects and cracks in aircraft parts, in archaeology, and for tracing natural resources (e.g., 4).

2. HYPOTHESES OF ORIGIN AND EFFECTS OF FIELDS FROM THE GROUND

One can assume that there are many origins for the effects of different locations on humans, animals and plants. Surely it’s not one, single, definite kind of “radiation”. In addition to the discussed weak, broadband transversal electromagnetic and magnetic fields assumed to be originated in the ground, other forms of “energies” might exist, such as the often controversially discussed longitudinal scalar waves (5). Various possibilities of combinations are imaginable. Overlapping, or a “build up” of resonance effects are also part of the geopathic phenomenon. Furthermore, technically generated EMFs are present on every place on earth; their likely influence on our health is presently the subject of intensive worldwide research. The so called “space weather” (including „Schumann-fields“) also plays a role (6). In our following attempts at explanation, we will concentrate on natural sources possibly originating from the “ground”, i.e. the very outer skin or our earth.

2.1. Electromagnetic fields “from the ground“: stringy waterways

Low energy, broad-banded and dynamically changing EMFs, creating resonance with structures of the human organism, may well be part of the geopathy phenomenon. Both, technical and biological systems can be influenced by EMFs, whereby numerous questions are still open, such as the concerning limits and the nature of physical interference fields (5). There is growing experimental evidence that EMFs - at least those of technical origin – can have significant effects on cells and the entire organism. Unwanted effects include, for example, serious damage of the genome (including field-induced DNA strand breaks) (7-12), suppression of the immune system (Hacker et al., unpublished), and adverse effects on proliferation and apoptosis, e.g. of neurons and neuro-endocrine cells (13).

But where in the ground could sources of natural EMFs exist? Physically well explainable, such fields could be induced by specific metallic ions and /or metal particles contained in water, flowing in streams or, most often, in so called “stringy waterways” through the pervious and anisotropic rubble-/gravel-/sand-/soil-body of the natural ground (Fig. 1). Certain ions and metals moved by water can – depending on concentration, composition and flow rate – can indeed lead to geoelectricity.
 

HERE: Figure 1 to be mounted!

In addition, the dipolar nature of H2O-molecules can also be part of the origin of such fields. As an extremely dielectric medium, water favors the formation of potential vortices, which immediately after their formation contract swiftly. If you turn a water molecule with its electric charge distribution, then from the moving charge a magnetic field results. If thus in a pipe a hydrodynamic flow vortex is produced, an electric and a magnetic vortex, the potential vortex and the eddy current, are the result (5).

2.2. Piezoelectricity

Piezoelectricity is the ability of certain crystals and certain ceramic materials to generate electrical and magnetic signals in response to applied mechanical stress. In nature, piezoelectrical dischargings can occur in some areas of geological “warps” containing quartz sand particles, and may be another plausible cause of geopathic stress effects (14). The effect was already discovered in 1824 by David Brewster and then experimentally elaborated by Pierre and Jacques Curie in 1880. Although also present in tourmaline, topaz, cane sugar and Rochelle salt (sodium potassium tartrate tetrahydrate), the effect became particularly known for quartz. With a proportion of 12 % of the upper earth’s crust, quartz is the most frequent mineral after feldspar.

Inside an ideal quartz crystal, the electrical charge of the elements silicon and oxygen cancel each other out. When a crystal lattice cell is compressed by mechanical pressure, an imbalance is the result, manifesting itself in the development of a tiny electrical voltage (Fig. 2). Vice versa, quartz can be triggered to oscillate by applying a voltage to it (“quartz oscillator crystal“; in use for example in crystal controlled clocks).

Another well known use of piezoelectricity is found in lighters using piezoelectric ignition: There, sudden mechanical pressure onto a synthetic quartz crystal block (containing high amounts of exactly aligned synthetic lattice crystal cells) leads to the generation of high voltage. The resulting spark is able to ignite the burnable gas. It is understandable therefore that sudden or variable heavy mechanical pressure on a great many of quartz crystal particles, as continuously present in many places of our earth skin, is able to create discharges of remarkable size (see also: http://en.wikipedia.org).

 

HERE: Figure 2 to be mounted!

2.3. Scalar waves

Another aspect of the geopathy phenomenon, which appears to be largely underestimated in its importance, could be found in the presence of “longitudinal scalar waves” (5). Those are directed waves spreading into the direction of a field vector. The scalar wave is carried by scalar particles or field vortexes. In the case of plasma waves, they are charged particles, and in the case of sound waves, they are air particles. E.T. Whittaker already in 1904 showed mathematically that the known and accepted Laplace Wave Equation of the year 1787, besides indicating transversal electro-magnetic waves, also describes longitudinal scalar waves (15).

The existence of longitudinal wave proportions, as also present in the near field of a dipol antenna, could already be shown experimentally by Nikola Tesla (1856-1943) (16-16). In spite of the fact that scalar waves in the field theory of Maxwell are usually neglected and set to zero, numerous experiments can lead to the conclusion that they do really exist and influence the human organism (5). According to Professor Konstantin Meyl (Furtwangen University, Germany), to a measurement technician scalar waves experimentally manifest as (antenna-)noise, a mixture of frequencies and wavelengths. They interact with an appropriate partner or medium by going into resonance. In the case of resonance, both sources attract each other, which can be explained and calculated by the occurrence of field changes during that process (5).

2.4. Natural radioactivity

As a matter of course, natural radioactivity also plays a role in the geopathy phenomenon: often it exists in areas with a lot of granite and gneiss, and in zones where radon gas is present (e.g. thermal springs etc.). However, an extensive discussion of the origin and effects of radioactivity from the ground would go far beyond the scope of this manuscript.

3. REGISTRATION OF “GEOPATHIC INTERFERENCE” IN THE ORGANISM

3.1. Physical Interactions and Resonance

To influence an organism, an extrinsic energy source has to come into interaction with the body, organs, cells, cell organelles and/or molecules in some way or another. The presence of pure physical interactions and in addition also of “physiologic sensors” located inside the body can be assumed. Below we will go into detail on their possible interactive nature.

Physically, for instance, we could point to a reciprocal build up by resonance. To be more precise, from outside, we have “extrinsic” (external) field sources (e.g. those from the ground). Inside our body, there are the “intrinsic” (internal) structures and molecules of the organism, which are either “resonating” because of their physical nature (as with stringed instruments: compare the vibration of the string alone versus string with resonator sound box), or create a certain frequency themselves. Examples for the latter are the physiological “pace making” of the heart muscle, or that of the central nervous system (e.g., the 10 Hz-clocking of brain waves).

Water does play an important role in physiological functionality of the organism and therefore also in the context to geopathy: The above discussed amplitude vibrations of the electrically charged potential vortextes associated to the dielectric water molecules very likely enable resonance of bodily / cellular water with different external fields. Physical resonance is defined as a synchronization of two sources which vibrate with the same pulse frequency but with contrary polarity. In the case of resonance, information is being exchanged, energies are transmitted and, in fact, a component of balance between the sources is being formed (from personal communication, A. Schrodt, 2006).

3.2. Physiologic and Biochemical Sensors

Besides the role of water inside the body, and with the understanding that the human head contains 70% water (care: not “simple” H2O is meant here; it is a kind of “structured water” of a colloid nature), some kind of “receptors” or “antennas” in our bodies must be present, reacting to geopathic fields. Of the numerous possibilities, only some examples shall be mentioned here.

Proteins and most other bio-molecules are not at all “nonrigid” structures; in order to fulfill their functions, they possess the ability to dynamically change their shapes within certain limits. Internal protein dynamics can potentially affect protein function through a variety of mechanisms, some of which are tautological or obvious in nature while others are subtle and remain to be fully explored and appreciated (18). Certain processes of proteins as parts of their 3-D conformation have the ability to oscillate or rotate. Such only a few nanometers sized processes have been discussed as possible sites of resonance induced by external EMFs, acting as “protein-antennas” (19). When experimentally irradiated by EMFs of frequencies in between about 1-2 GHz, they displayed a changing of conformation, respectively changing in their manner of oscillation, even when only very low field strengths had been applied (19).

Huge amounts of very tiny magnetic crystals (magnetite crystals) have been found in the brain, and these could react very sensitively to the slightest changes in magnetic fields (20). Black dots on magnetic resonance imaging pictures (MRI) of human brain tissue led researches to the idea that these could be magnetic particles. From post mortem brains, magnetite crystals of a size of 50 nm could be isolated, and their magnetic field could be measured. The research was done in a special laboratory room that was completely shielded from the natural magnetic field of the earth by tons of steel. Actual measurements were carried out using a SQUID-System. The magnetite-particles could also be visualized and further analyzed using a high-definition transmission electron microscope. The most exciting result of those experiments was that, most of the regions of the brain appear to contain about five million biogenous “single-domain” magnetite crystals per gram wet weight on average, and the meninges (pia and dura mater) contain even more than 100 million.

The meaning of those magnetic crystals, however, is largely unexplained yet. Evidence that these microscopically small magnetite particles would function for some kind of sensory perception in humans could not yet been confirmed. However, speculations are that the presence of magnetite crystals in brain might be understood as proof of a “submerged magnetic sensor”, similar to that of carrier pigeons or whales, theoretically easing human orientation and direction – thus a kind of “relict of evolution”. But, if it would really be a relict, those particles would not exist in such a high quantity anymore. Magnetic particles in the brain could turn out to be one of the reasons why dowsing can work. In any case, magnetite crystals in the brain could possibly be a hint to explain how (certain qualities of) geopathic zones may affect the body: Magnetite reacts more than one million times stronger to an external magnetic field than every other biological material. Recently, in the Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, an article describes possible roles that magnetic ferrous amalgamations could play in neurological disease (21).

When analyzing possible effector sites of fields from natural and/or technical origin, it appears likely that cell membranes may also play a role. It has been experimentally shown that already relatively low field strengths of low frequency, as well as high frequency electro/magnetic fields can lead to changes or disturbances of information transfer at the ion channels of cell membranes (22-23).

4. ADVERSE EFFECTS OF GEOPATHIC ZONES?

Even though in today's popular media, pseudo-scientific and quasi-medical reports on the topic of geopathy are presented to the public, no “peer reviewed” medical journal indexed in MedLine had published statistically firm and sound provable evidence of geopathic effects on humans until most recently. Previously described effects and descriptions of the pioneers (1, 3 and others) in this area unfortunately aren’t available in the standardized, scientifically acceptable nor reproducible format required for peer-reviewed medical journals, but rather as monographs. Nevertheless, this doesn’t lower their importance and relevance: Those pioneers in research on the geopathy phenomenon neither had the scientific-medical verifiability methods that are available today, nor was the time mature for such publications in the kind of medical journals we know today. Nonetheless, what these people achieved, and their courage, as well as of the publishers who rightly published their works, deserve high credits.

Our first concepts how to address the geopathy phenomenon were based on the descriptions and personal discussions with the late Otto Bergsmann († 2004) and Alois Stacher (medical doctors, both from Vienna, Austria) and carried out in close co-operation with Adolf Wiebecke and his team (Salzburg and Oberalm, Austria). Because of the lack of “direct” physical measurement techniques for the doubtlessly existing „energy fields” at least partly originating in the ground, we decided to use the human body as an indicator. In our first approaches, we utilized methods from complementary medicine (bio-resonance, kinesiology, heart-rate variability, etc.). Although successful in some areas addressed, the effects found had not the high statistical significance required, and the methodology used was not a generally accepted one, guaranteeing medical relevance and reproducibility.

4.1. The GDV System and its Use in Measuring Geopathic Influences

A few years ago, we came across the gas discharge visualization (GDV) technology. Being fascinated by its highly sensitive ability to detect stress effects, and also by the fact that this method is being used world-widely for manifold applications combining “pure physics” with complimentary evaluation of apparently high accuracy, we could reproducibly show using this method that different zones above ground do exhibit different effects on the human organism. The associated manuscript went through a thorough peer-reviewing process and was published in the renowned professional journal „Forschende Komplementärmedizin” (Research in Complementary Medicine; www.karger.com/fkm) (24).

The GDV-method Prof. Konstantin Korotkov (National Technical University of St. Petersburg, Russia), as used in that work, delivers a number of sensitive and reproducible parameters (25-46). For us, the mean “area-of-glow” was the best possible means for sensitively indicate stress. Furthermore, one can acquire “corona diagrams” in the manner of complementary medicine from the individual allocation of the “corona” gas discharge from the different fingertips, following the principles of the energy–meridian theory and of acupuncture. Using that particular aspect, we were able to indicate which organ systems of the body might be affected by geopathic stress. The accordant calculations and projections were done interactively using specific software for analysis, based on the energy-emission-analysis according to Mandel (47-48), the Su-Jok-System of acupuncture (49) and clinical data of thousands of test persons from the St. Petersburg institute of Prof. Korotkov.

4.1.1. Is GDV a Reliable Instrument for Measuring Stress?

The question may arise if it is really justified to use GDV for stress measurements. In addition to the promising data presented in numerous publications before, including our own, we are presently in the middle of an evaluation targeting a validation of GDV mean area-of-glow as a reliable measure of certain aspects of stress. Although not yet completed, our tests appear to show that this is indeed the case: Parallel measurements of the diurnal time courses of GDV mean area of glow and of biochemical parameters collected from saliva (50-53) indicate that the diurnal curve progressions of GDV image areas and the levels of immunoglobulin A (IgA) go parallel, whilst another accepted parameter of stress, saliva alpha-amylase, progresses just the opposite to IgA and GDV. In other words, a higher GDV mean area of glow value corresponds to a higher IgA level (to be understood as an sign for lower stress or relaxation), and a lower GDV mean area of glow value can be understood as an indication for higher levels of alpha-amylase, i.e. for higher stress. A third marker, saliva cortisol, although displaying its very own rhythmicity, also appears to fit into the concept that GDV could be reliably used for biophysical stress measurement (Hacker and Augner, unpublished results).

4.1.2. Specific GDV Setup Used for Measuring Geopathic Stress

For detection geopathic stress, we have followed the design of a randomized, double-blinded non-clinical trial (54-44), following the ethical guidelines of the expanded Helsinki Declaration (56). All test persons had been informed about the GDV system and related safety issues, and about the fact that they may feel a slight “crawling” in their finger tips. Fifty-two voluntary test persons were measured at two locations, one of which has been identified by a group of six distinguished dowsers as being a “geopathic zone” and the other a “neutral zone”. All persons were tested with and without the “Wave” device invented by Adolf Wiebecke (Oberalm / Salzburg, Austria; adolf.wiebecke@aon.at). The exact test design, as well as the way how dowsers independently labeled the different zones in the laboratory test room, have been described in detail (24). Altogether, more than 137,000 individual fingertip GDV corona images were captured, interpreted by means of computer-aided image analysis and analyzed in detail using bio-statistics.

          A GDV Camera Pro (http://www.korotkov.org/), specifically designed for high stability and reproducibility as required for scientific measurements, had been applied. In practice, to capture one “static GDV image”, a very stable high voltage (10 kV, 1.024 Hz, square pulses) is pulsed on and off every 10 ms for a duration of 0,5 s. The electric field produces a visible gas discharge glow around the fingertip (Kirlian image), and such corona discharges have been recorded from each of the 10 fingertips of the test person repeatedly. The GDV Camera Pro was connected to a notebook computer, and the recorded glow images were digitally transferred using GDV Capture software (at that time, we used version 1.9.9. from 2004). For further calculations and analyses, the GDV Meridian Analysis and the GDV Diagram software (both with version no. 1.9.9.), and the GDV Scientific Laboratory software (version 1.1.5.) were applied.

During the experiments, the complete GDV system was mounted on a trolley, in order to measure the effects of the two different zones in the laboratory room directly “on site” without moving the test person to another place. For each test person and test phase, 50 single static measurements were performed (each finger tip was measured 5 times for 0,5 s). In addition, we have recorded dynamic GDV images from both ring fingers, repeated 3 times during each test period. In the specific setup for the static GDV images used in our study, the overall GDV image area values calculated are to be understood as mean values of 50 single finger GDV images in total, per test period. In randomized manner, four test phases were examined: “Geopathic zone” with and without a blindly mounted “Wave” device, and “neutral zone” with and without the “Wave”. The latter device had been mounted or de-mounted in another room at an upper floor, and neither the test persons nor the examiners could see if the device was present or not. In order to minimize chronobiologic influences to a sensible degree, the experiments were carried out only in forenoons, and also in that respect, phase randomization in time was an important prerequisite (24).

4.1.3. Safety and Reproducibility Issues

To gain reliable data, we paid careful attention to a number of issues influencing stability, reproducibility and safety (24, 30, 37, 45): Throughout the whole study, the very same GDV system was used. Before use, the GDV camera (kept inside the laboratory at constant room temperature) was switched on at least 30 minutes prior to measurement, and careful calibrations were performed. Each test person was asked to thoroughly wash their hands using a pH neutral laboratory soap (without re-fattening properties), followed by wiping the fingertips with alcohol. It was not allowed to use hand cream or lotion. The glass plate surface of the GDV camera was cleaned using alcohol frequently, and it was taken care that none of the test persons had wet hands. The test persons were advised to keep their fingers still and relaxed during measurements and not to apply undue pressure when putting their fingers onto the glass plate at an angle of approximately 30-degrees to the instrument axis (28).

4.1.4. Biomedical Statistics

Raw data from the GDV image glow area and fractionality were additionally analyzed by the software programs Sigma-Plot 2002 (Systat; San Jose, CA, USA) and Excel 2003 (Microsoft; Redmond, WA, USA). In addition to the calculation of descriptive data (mean, median, standard deviation etc.), we carried out Gaussian normality tests and subsequently used the paired two-sample t-test for dependent variables to determine whether there are significant differences between the 4 experimental sub-period results. Two-sided p-values were classified statistically significant if they were < 0,01. A number of further statistical analyses were performed, also including distribution-independent tests.

4.1.5. Additional Precautions

As overlaying technical fields possibly influencing the results may have been present, we used sophisticated calibrated equipment to scan and record low and high frequency EMFs, potential acoustic noxae or vibrations during the whole study period, as well as a variety of additional physical parameters. The two measurement areas in the laboratory used for the experiments turned out to be indistinguishable from the aspect of technical fields and acoustic background noise, and the field strength and loudness levels present were far below existing (safety) guidelines.

4.2. Results of GDV Measurements for Geopathic Influence

A distinct location dependency was found: On the area dowsed as a possible “geopathic zone“, significantly lower values of the “area-of-glow” parameter were found than those obtained from the “neutral zone” (p < 0,0001). At the “neutral zone”, the mean static GDV glow area was 10.152 pixels (SEM: 190), whereas the corona image areas obtained from the “geopathic zone” were smaller (mean: 0.354 pixels; SEM: 170). From the results of our studies it can be concluded that geopathic zones do cause stress in nearly all of the persons tested.

          When the “Wave” device was mounted, both locations yielded much larger GDV glow image areas: The more “neutral zone” gave a mean value of 11.792 pixels (SEM: 169), and the “geopathic zone” yielded 11.393 pixels (SEM: 160). Statistical significance again was enormously high (p < 0,0001) when compared to the results on those zones without the “Wave” device (24). Thus, the “Wave” device appears was able to de-stress / balance / harmonize energy in nearly all test persons, at the geopathic and also at more neutral zone tested in our laboratory.

Further analyses were carried out for complementary medical parameters included in the GDV software package. We calculated corona projections (“energy field”) (Fig. 3), whole body corona diagrams, and circular corona diagrams (Fig. 4). The corona diagrams directed into a weakening of the energies of the immune system and the pineal organ (which might be understood as an indication of possible changes of the melatonin production) (compare to: 57-60), the cardiovascular and the urinary system in many of the test persons.  

HERE: Figures 3 & 4 to be mounted!

5. SIGNIFICANCE AND POSSIBLE BALANCING ACTIONS

Stress is known to adversely affect health as soon as it is present for longer periods (e.g., 61-65). Our study has shown that certain areas above the ground can indeed induce stress. Such zones might cause distress (“malignant stress”) even when present for a short time, but there are also reports that (not scientifically proven) energetically stimulating zones (“positive energy zones”) might exist, often also referred to as “power places”. Such areas have been dowsed within some churches and other buildings constructed centuries or often thousands of years ago. “Positive stress” (eustress) under certain circumstances is a “wanted” bodily reaction, as it can stimulate us to best possible performance. If present for a prolonged time, however, eustress may soon turn to distress and thereby suppress the immune system.

Because of the energetic weakening of the immune and other bodily systems detected in our study, it appears highly likely that in some individuals, the development of various diseases is eased when people again and again stay for longer times at geopathic zones (e.g., if present at their sleeping area, or at the area where their working chair is usually placed). Effects on general health, healing processes (e.g. in hospitals or convalescent homes), on sleeping quality, and (according to unpublished results of a pre-study carried out by us in a home for behavioral conspicuous children) also on interpersonal relationships, especially with partners (e.g. aggression), and also performance at work are possible consequences of location-dependent stress. The “Wave” device investigated in our study could therefore, by its balancing effect, not only aid in lowering of stress, but also be understood as a tool for disease prevention.

Those people who are already in the beginning stages of poor health may sense an added sensitivity for diseases of different kinds when staying longer on geopathic locations, as well as notice that healing processes may take longer than usual. In later stages, it my not be impossible though that chronic stress caused by geopathic locations may finally even forward the development of malignant disease.

5.1. Conventional Measures to Reduce Geopathic Stress

5.1.1. Constructional Possibilities

A number of effective actions can be taken to keep one's body healthy and vital. Concerning geopathy, first of all, constructional adjustments are to be considered. During the planning stage in construction of new buildings, the geopathy phenomenon should be taken into account, so as to consciously design and construct buildings and rooms in a manner that, in areas where people will stay for longer periods of time, geopathic exposure should be as low as possible. Within existing rooms, often a relatively little adjustment of beds and often used seats may contribute to better living quality and health (bedrooms / beds, offices / desk seats, living rooms / television seating; hospitals / sickrooms, surgical theaters, etc.).

As there are no reliable measuring instruments available so far, presently it makes sense to take advice from an experienced dowser. However, according to the Munich barn-experiments (66-68) and other independent investigations, only a low percentage of the people claiming to be successful dowsers are actually capable of making reproducible and reliable conclusions. Therefore it makes sense to consult with a competent building environment engineer who has experience, skill and expertise in these matters.

If constructional arrangements are not possible before erecting a building or before starting a reconstruction, which is supposedly the case in most instances, there are also other practical possibilities: provided that there is a will to do so, it should be possible to move beds or desk seats, in order to get them out of interference zones. This is still the cheapest and a rather efficient action at the same time.

5.1.2. Stress Prevention

Everyone can do something to prevent negative influences by sources that cause stress: anything that lowers stress in general also helps one deal with specific stress factors, and zones, from any origin. This includes methods of stress-management and relaxation techniques, such as meditation, tai chi, guided imaginative journeying, and also certain hypnotherapeutic approaches (69-73). Likewise, prayer and spiritual practices can lead to inner harmony. Mental components are just as important: the more someone lives consciously, and even optimistically, in a state of positive thought, the less external stress factors can influence the person somatically.

Furthermore, many studies confirm that people who are “living healthily” – who manage their weight, refrain from smoking, enjoy the outdoors, participate in sports, etc., - have stronger immune systems and feel definitely less stress than their “unhealthy living” fellow men. A decisive component in this healthy lifestyle is, to what extent and type of nutrition one follows: concentrating on organically derived foods, lots of vegetables, fruit, and fish, less meat, paying attention to one’s weight, as well as including periodic “purification” and/or fasting times, are some of the factors that lead to staying healthy and dealing more consciously with the environment. Interestingly, these positive lifestyle choices may also show up indirectly and in the subconscious: even technically derived EMFs seem to have much less of a negative effect with people who prefer such an “aware” way of life.

5.1.3. The “Wave” of A. Wiebecke

For those who cannot (or do not want to) adopt many of the above mentioned choices, due to illness, age, or some other reasons, things could become more difficult. In our study we could scientifically show that the “Wave” device of A. Wiebecke has a harmonizing effect on the human organism. Other claimed “devices for suppression of earth rays / water veins” have, to our knowledge, not yet been tested scientifically; at least, no indexed and peer-reviewed publication cited in MedLine could be found so far. Concerning the “Wave” device especially interesting is the fact, that it substantially reduces stress in people on “neutral zones” too, a finding which indicates that there is no real “neutral zone” existing. We would therefore suggest using a terminology towards a “more geopathic” and “geologically more neutral” zone in this context. As already stated above, technical fields and noxae [nocent influences] of different kinds are present everywhere on earth. As we could show, the “Wave” device in fact can help, and its exceptional promise as a preventive measure is of great interest.

5.2. Relevance for Everyday Life

Our studies show that it does matter on which location you stay for a longer period of time. Para-scientific reports about sleeplessness or higher rates of occurrence of different diseases have been with us for many years. It is clear that the accumulation of different factors stress can have strong effects on humans, animals and even plants. Possibilities to minimize the effects of geopathy on our organism in general have already been discussed above. In the following, we will briefly show what addressing geopathy do affect health care facilities, public places, and economy.

5.2.1. Relevance for Healthcare Facilities

What is the relevance of our findings for hospitals, convalescent homes and rehabilitation centers? In hospitals, observant physicians and nurses sometimes know from experience that there appear to be locations of sickbeds where, remarkably, many patients have a delayed recovery, or in especially blatant cases they may not recover at all. However, it is often not possible to move beds in hospital rooms. Thus, for this practical reason it may be worth considering installing a device that has a balancing effect here. Experiences of several years at the Salzburg University Clinics (at the Salzburg St. Johanns-Hospital, so far, more than 50 “Wave” devices have been installed to harmonize critical locations - especially in the intensive care unit and in the entire surgical ward), and at other major hospitals (e.g. in Vienna and Innsbruck, Austria; Aachen, Germany; Chur, Switzerland) seem to show positively influence healing and aggressiveness; a thorough study, done according to appropriate scientific criteria, is not available yet.

5.2.2. Relevance for Wellness-Centers

The term “wellness“, which is composed of the ideals “well-being“ and “fitness“ as well as “life-style“ and “happiness“, to a modern point of view denotes a holistic concept of health. Wellness enhancing methods and applications aim to increase physical, psychological and spiritual well-being. An essential component is the so called “stress management“. The results of our research are of great relevance for “wellness-centers” too: sustainable success in relaxation and stress management methods is essentially dependent upon the particular location of sleeping and of therapy beds. Such facilities, therefore, should be planned and managed very consciously: When there are known interference zones of geopathic origin (and/or of technical origin too), very soon this would have financial effects, because customers sharing “word of mouth” will tell everybody that the stay only was of moderate or no profit to them. Thus, especially in already existing establishments, the purposeful placement of “Wave” devices can be of great benefit.

5.2.3. Relevance for public buildings

In a pilot study (unpublished findings), we have found indications of more aggressive behavior by children living or working on geopathic locations. “Wave” devices were installed and de-installed in randomized and blinded manner, and the result was a distinct dilution of undesirable behavior patterns. One of the tests, taken in a care center for children displaying behavioral problems, additionally showed, among other changes, that the incidence of bedwetting [nocturnal enuresis] definitely decreased when the “Wave” was present, and that the learning ability and the quality of sleep changed for the better (unpublished findings). Also, there were remarkable improvements in interpersonal relationships. By inference, if these results are applied to public facilities in general, the “Wave” could probably have a number of desirable effects in schools, offices, banks, supermarkets, etc. Very favorable positive field reports already exist, e.g. at Salzburg airport, several major banks, editorial offices and shopping malls.

5.2.4. Relevance for Competitive Sports

Very impressive results are also to be found in highly competitive sports. The motto, “winners slept better!” is of specific relevance in this area. A serious athlete who doesn’t sleep well before a competition is far from being as able-bodied as someone who has had “a good night's rest”. Individual beds, free from stress-causing zones, are enormously important. But unfortunately, usually the athlete cannot choose in which room or bed she/he will spend the night. Again this means that, the installation of “Waves” by the affected sports clubs and hotels would help to create a more just / equal base level for each sportsman. Alternatively, an athlete could conceivably bring along a “Wave” and use it in her/his bedroom – and this would help the entire team.

5.2.5. Commercial Relevance

Naturally, the negative effects of geopathic stress zones also have considerable commercial impact. Individual performance on “interference reduced” zones increases, and all sides - superintendents, managers and employees - would possibly benefit. When individuals feel better, they will perform better, and be healthier and happier at work too – facts that would also have economic consequences. The number of staff on sick leave will probably decrease in the long run, when all employees work at geopathically (and otherwise also) more balanced work places. Contrarily, at “highly burdened” workplaces, performance will decrease, discontentment grows, and the vulnerability to diseases and the resulting rise of employees' illnesses will be greater. The aggregate economic success of a company or institution can very well be in the balance; responsible (and visionary) managers should take heed of the results of our studies in their plans and act accordingly. In the workplace and in the home: this is only part of the whole picture, because “ready to go” or rested and productive employers and employees should also be able to benefit at peace and harmony at home.

The follow-up costs associated with longer “chronic” stays on geopathic interference zones are probably enormous: As said before, geopathy is a matter of “burdened work places” leading to decreased ability of the employees to concentrate and to increased probability of employees' illnesses. This can produce enormous costs for our social and health systems, and the hidden costs we can only suspect today.

6. Further Studies / the Future

So far, the present scientific evidence of effects of geopathic zones on humans has been mainly found using complementary medical methods, with the exception of the GDV “area-of-glow” parameter. As preliminarily presented in this book, we have already obtained data underlining the validity of GSV as a reliable instrument for measuring stress, provided that all pre-cautions are taken into account and that well-trained and experienced persons use it. Parameters measured in saliva in parallel to GDV, such as IgA, alpha-amylase and cortisol, appear to change in level in direct relationship to the GDV mean area of glow. Soon, we shall have completed those experiments testing a number of test persons sufficiently high for good-practice statistical examination.

At the same time, we have already started experiments above different geological zones to test such key parameters contained in saliva, using biochemical assaying well accepted by orthodox medicine: various hormones, neuropeptides and immunological relevant substances are going to be tested ”non-invasively”.

Long-term studies are being planned too, which, as randomized double-blinded trials, would also include sleeping behavior testing and examining abilities to concentrate / perform at work. However, this will only be feasible if innovative and generous sponsors are found. We also hope that our team will encourage many other study groups to start working on scientifically well founded studies in this field “on the boundary” with pertinent and verifiable investigations from the medical, psychological (industrial psychology in particular) and commercial/financial fields.

7. Summary as a Table:

Geopathic Stress: Conclusions

·          Using GDV, highly significant probability for existence of location dependency (short-term effect) was detected

·          Geopathic interference zones weaken our organism 

·          They lead to stress; long lasting stress turns into chronic distress and disease

·          Strong indication for weakening the immune system, cardiovascular system and others by geopathic influence

·          Sleeplessness: no relaxation, weakening the immune system and furthering aggressiveness

·          At home: avoiding or harmonizing interference zones help preemptively to stay healthy

·          Health facilities: “healing" doesn’t work as well on geopathically burdened zones

·          Wellness-centers /spas: Success of therapy and stress-management depend on location of beds, among others

·          Schools, kindergartens, offices etc.: aggression and interpersonal relationships vary on location, among others

·          Economy and work place: decreased performance, increase of probability of employee’s illness, follow-up costs

·          Sports: "winners have slept better!" 

·          There is no real neutral zone, but only “better“, less burdened zones

·          The “Wave“ device helps in nearly all cases: not only on geopathic zones, but also on more neutral zones

8. Credits

The authors extend thanks for their great help in conducting the quoted research and its essential components to this manuscript. We cordially thank (in alphabetical order – unless otherwise noted, all are in  Austria): Univ.-Prof. Dr. Alfred AIGNER (sports medicine specialist doctor; Salzburg); Mag. Christoph AUGNER (general psychologist and work psychologist; IGGMB, University Clinics of Salzburg); Mag. Christoph FLORIAN (biologist; IGGMB, University Clinics of Salzburg); Sr. Dipl.-Ing. Dr. Josef AUMAYR (nuclear physicist; Vienna Krankenanstalten Verbund, Socio-Medical Center, Otto-Wagner-Hospital, Vienna); Mag. Annabell EDER (biologist; IGGMB, University Clinics of Salzburg); Dr. Wolfgang GADERMAYER (geologist; Salzburg/Hallein); OA Dr. Jörg HUTTER (surgeon; Department of Surgery, University Clinics of Salzburg); Ing. Hermann JELL (environmental measurement technology engineer; Municipal Administration of Salzburg); Prof. Bruno KLAUSBRUCKNER (environmental specialist; Vienna Krankenanstalten Verbund, Socio-Medical Center, Otto-Wagner-Hospital, Vienna); Günther KRAIBACHER (GDV-specialist; Salzburg); Prof. Dr. Ing. Konstantin MEYL (nuclear physicist; Furtwangen University, Germany); Dr. Elisabeth PAWLAK (physicist; Madrid, Spain); Gabriele POSCH (measurement technologist; Salzburg); Dr. Angelika SCHRODT (psychologist; Network Psychology Radolfszell, Germany, and Klothen/Zürich, Switzerland), Univ.-Prof. Dr. Gottfried TICHY (paleontologist and geologist; Salzburg University). We also thank Jürgen TORUNSKY (Mannheim, Germany) and Stephen Russel POPLIN, M.A., CHt. (hypnotherapist, U.S.A.) for their kind help in English language translation.

Furthermore, we thank Mr. Adolf WIEBECKE (Oberalm bei Salzburg), whom we want to congratulate for his most promising invention of the “Wave” device, for the possibility of doing experimental research using his device. Gerhard W. Hacker especially thanks his wife, Mrs. Ursula DEMARMELS-HACKER, for her love and support, and for abandoning many evenings and weekends of togetherness to find time for investigation and creation of this manuscript.

For their innovative and far-seeing pioneering work and active scientific exchange in the field of geopathy we thank Univ.-Doz. Dr. Otto BERGSMANN (V 2004) and Univ.-Prof. DDr. Alois STACHER (both: Vienna). For their great  inspirational and/or financial support of our work we thank (in alphabetical order): Mag. Gerhard BIBER (financial manager, Salzburg University Clinics); Dr. Gerfried BRANDSTETTER (manager of the science department of the Salzburg federal government); Landeshauptfrau Mag. Gabi BURGSTALLER (Governor, of Salzburg Country); HR Dr. Alois GRÜNER (manager of the health department of Salzburg Province); Dir. DGKS Margret HADER (healthcare manager, Salzburg University Clinics); Dr. Ilse JEKEL (microbiologist; IGGMB, Salzburg University Clinics); Ing. Manfred PIBERGER (manager of the technical department of the Salzburg University Clinics).

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39. Cioka G, Korotkov K, Giacomoni PU, Rein G, Korotkova : Effects of exposure to electromagnetic fields from computer monitors on the corona discharge from skin; in Korotkov K (ed): Measuring Energy Fields State of the Science. Fair Lawn, NJ, Backbone, pp 183–192 (2004).

 

40. Dobson P, O’Keefe E: Research into the efficacy of the gas discharge visualisation technique as a

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42. Gibson SS: Effect of listening to music and focused editation on the human energy field as measured by the GDV and the profile of mood states (POMS); in Korotkov K (ed): Measuring Energy Fields: State of the Science. Fair Lawn, NJ, Backbone, pp 209–222 (2004).

 

43. Korotkov K, Williams B, Wisneski LA: Assessing biophysical energy transfer mechanisms in living systems: the basis of life processes. J Altern Complement Med 10: 49–57 (2004).

 

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Wolfgang Maes

Lecture by Wolfgang Maes,
Bau-biologist IBN, Journalist DVJ, Germany
World Research Foundation Congress
Oct 5-7, 1990, Warner Center Marriott Hotel, Los Angeles, CA

Distributed with permission for IBE educational purposes only

When it comes to the topic of earth radiation, water veins and earth dislocations – the so-called geological disturbances – the layperson will usually associate this with hocus-pocus concepts such as “Dowsers,” often a man with large whiskers and an ironic smile.

Many people do not believe the dowser’s tale, and associate it with occult illusion – even if successes have been reported simply by moving a bed to a different area of the room.

The most common reason for the prejudice of the person listening -- who generally considers himself to be modern
and intelligent -- is the fact that nowhere do we find so
many absurdities, contradictions and “silly things” as in this area.

Ten allegedly qualified dowsers generally come to ten different conclusions in the same apartment or building. This often results in the purchase of expensive screening and de-jamming devices, for which only the unreliable producer and distributor gets any profit. Their findings usually provide shockingly different interpretations of the biological effects of natural conditions.

I am sickened when I am told how people play tricks with the fears and hopes of seriously ill individuals.

I hope to make a contribution in this area so that we may have an objective discussion of this subject.




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The Earth Radiates Energy Everywhere

For years, sensitive electronic measuring devices have verified the old knowledge about earth radiations. We all know that the earth – in fact, all of life – “radiates” as a natural process.
There exists a strong terrestrial magnetic field, which guarantees that the top of a compass is always drawn to the north, no matter where you are in the world.

You can actually measure the natural radioactive radiation from the earth, all over the globe. There is no place on earth without terrestrial radiation.

We are born amid these natural manifold-radiating processes and there is no doubt that they are appropriate, important, healthy, and life protecting.

Peculiar Zones

But there are also zones (areas) where radiation intensities are noticeably different from the norm.

I might measure a level of radiation along a long-line, for example, and often the intensity will change suddenly, giving me an entirely different value. These zones can have a diameter between several inches to several yards. Once I move past this zone, the striking radiation intensity can decrease, giving me a “normal’ value again.

Sometimes these higher intensity zones are
frequent and can be detected every other yard
or so. Sometimes you find them only after a longer search and in large intervals.

It differs from area to area.

It is interesting to note that gifted dowsers will show swinging of rods or pendulums exactly where you would measure these significant anomalies too. It has been known for a long time that underground watercourses and geological dislocation produce spectacular radiation intensities.

I do not like to define, prematurely, every swing of a rod by a gifted dowser or every measured peculiarity as a “water vein” or a “dislocation.” I have never dug into the ground to find the object which I assumed to be in existence while I was measuring on top of the ground.

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It is the task of science to connect one thing with another, and to analyze these connections. The present experiences are not yet satisfactory. This is especially true in reference to the relation between earth radiation and health.

REALITY WITH A QUESTION MARK

My practical experience is sufficient for me to know that concentrations of terrestrial radiation can be measured, and the findings will show noticeable differences from natural points of reference in the natural environment. There is no doubt that this is part of our terrestrial reality.

The Various Possibilities in Measuring Earth Radiation

What do we really measure, with our sensitive electronic instruments, if the objects are earth radiation, geological disturbances, water veins and dislocations?

I refer to my own personal experiences, with different measuring approaches, and do not pretend exclusiveness.

DISTORTIONS OF THE TERRESTRIAL MAGNETIC FIELD

Let us start with a small anomaly of the magnetic field.

That means: when you are above geological disturbances you can measure the distortion of the terrestrial magnetic field, similarly to that of magnetic steel.

Here the compass is not the appropriate device because the declinations are so small that they cannot generate any substantial swing. Sensitive magnetometers can, however, easily make these distortions visible and can be defined as biologically effective by experts.

This measurement approach is not appropriate for house and bedroom examinations, however, because the artificial distortions coming from steel used in construction, materials, metal fixtures, and even the bed itself, can cause a blur in the measurement or make a reading entirely impossible.

Using technical equipment outside is quite
possible. Progressive dowsers like to use the
magnetometer approach to confirm their sensitive swing of the rod, or the assumptions





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coming from pendulum swings. This method is only justified when you know that artificial fields, from say – magnetic steel, are not in the area.

1. One Spring Mattress = 100 Water Veins

I think the argument is exaggerated; that these anomalies of terrestrial magnetic fields above geological disturbances are sufficient to cause biological problems. That is hardly possible because the magnetic field of some spring mattresses equals more than a hundred water veins.

Conclusion: Though you can measure geological peculiarities, the application – in rooms – is rarely reliable. The importance of these findings to the area above the disturbance is very much in dispute.

2. Air Ions

A second peculiarity, as far as earth radiation is concerned, is that air ions often change. I am only at the very beginning in that sort of research. It is promising, but by no means mature. After hundreds of tests, I can say: With special ion meters (electronic instruments that measure the number of small ions in the air) you can detect increased measurement values above the area of a disturbance – particularly in the range of positive air ions.

Ion measurements are extremely difficult and ambiguous since many factors in your house mix up the air ions even more than the terrestrial radiation is capable of.

Electric fields are an especially important factor.

This measurement is just impossible under the influence of an electrically radiating wall, or an electrostatically loaded curtain.

I have discovered that a plastic bag, within a five-yard distance of the measurement, can change the environment of the air ions more radically than what could be possible from the geological subsoil.

3. The VHF Field Strength

Measurements of the VHF field strength often show a drop in the measurement curve when taken above disturbances. Many dowsers and building biologists use this approach.

Within buildings, however, evaluations are almost impossible as the measurements within walls are highly unreliable. You always find declinations of the field strength coming from construction materials, fixtures, plants, walls, shelves, tables ... and even




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the person performing the measurement.

One has to be very critical and attentive so as not to be taken in by too rash and incorrect conclusions. True measurements take a lot of time and you must have a lot of experience.

Many manuals say that locating geological disturbances by using the VHF field strength is child’s play. The results of these unqualified statements are that credulous laymen go over their bedrooms with a 30 dollar portable radio and assume there are water veins (and other phenomena of terrestrial radiation) whenever NBC or ABC gets bad reception, or a song by Elvis is jammed by noise. It would be nice if things were so easy.

4. Measurements of Skin Resistance

When geological disturbances exist, the human skin resistance changes quite quickly. The corresponding measurements are known as “geo-rhythmogram” or “electro- geobioscopy.”

The geo-rhythmogram measures the skin resistance of a person from hand to hand with simple electrodes and a fitting ohm-meter. The much more exact electro- geobioscopy measures the skin resistance between one hand and acupuncture points on the other hand. Work is done with special electrodes and devices that are known from electro-acupuncture. My electro-geobioscopic measurements use test devices that are well tested in medicine: Aschoff, MORA, and Vega.

When the skin resistance of a test person is normal, at 40 kilo ohm (Aschoff), the values can go up to 100, 200, or even higher when you are above zones of disturbance.

This sounds easy, but it is not so in practice. Even experts face a lot of difficulties.

The measurement depends upon a lot of factors in order to be reproducible: The skin quality of the test person, the moisture of the skin, the pressure of the measuring electrodes on the skin, the correct locations of the acupuncture points, the quality of the devices, the degree of the traumatization of the measuring points at the heads, the general constitution of the person ...

Even when all pre-conditions are fulfilled some problems remain: All stimuli towards the test person will be included into the measurement. All stimuli, a synthetic shirt, radiating construction materials, depression, an electro-magnetic field, heavy metal, a cigarette before the test, a gloomy thought about the mother-in-law ... all stimuli.




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That means: the human being reacts to all stress like stimuli. And the reaction is perceivable in a measurable change of the skin resistance.

Only with enough experience can you relate anomalies of the skin resistance to geological stimuli, and totally exclude that they are not produced from radio alarms or a spring mattress.

If you can do that, then the physical measurement can be reproduced and give a reliable result. You should consider however, that every response of a human being to the stimuli of his environment is a specific one, it’s individual, and cannot be easily transferred to others.

5. Measurement of Radioactivity

Particularly interesting is the fifth possible approach to measuring terrestrial radiation. Above geological disturbances you will detect significant rises of natural radioactivity.

That means: As I measure the natural radioactive radiation with a sensitive radiometer, I will get values of 100 percent or more if the measure is above a so-called disturbance zone.

Though the natural basic radioactivity of the earth has some local differences due to climate and the earth level, the base level is generally consistent.

From my experience, regular and reproducible increases in radioactivity above geological stimuli areas, in the range of up to 100 percent, are profound and are significant. Sometimes the swing of the pointer goes significantly beyond 100 percent. Sometimes as high as 300 to 400 percent.

This is from gamma and neutron rays. This radioactive electromagnetic radiation is considered the most penetrating, strongest and biologically most hazardous kind of all of the known radioactive rays.

Admittedly, the increased dosage from terrestrial
radiation might be relatively small. But no one
can deny that an avoidable risk exists under
long-term influence, such as sleeping every night
for eight hours in the same physical position, and doing that for many years.

If you can sleep for the next 20 years with only half the amount of radioactive disintegrations -- after a change of the bedroom position – then, as a matter of caution, I see no reason to stay in the area that is doubly charged.




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Harmless minimal dosages do not exist. Regardless of the kind of radiation, no sensible scientist dares to contradict this opinion.

ARE THERE “CANCER ZONES”?

I think it is greatly exaggerated to speak rashly of “cancer zones” if you are referring to terrestrial radiation and other corresponding peculiarities.

But I think that it is equally ignorant to continue doing business as usual.

According to my own personal experience, and the findings of innumerable research and test reports, the healing successes after moving the bed cannot be discounted merely as psychological reaction placebo or coincidence.

Again this common saying is true: “The dosage is the poison.”

All sorts of radiation can be healthy or hazardous. That is the same for the earth as for the sun. Too much sun is dangerous. Can too much earth be dangerous as well?

Terrestrial radiation penetrates iron, plastic, glass, whole houses ... everything.

CHERNOBYL IN YOUR OWN HOME?

During a meeting in Seattle, USA, I detected this phenomenon in a 22 floor hotel, on six different levels: in the underground garage, at the first floor near the reception, and on the roof -- always the same high values, down below and at the top, on the same premises.

You have to be cautious if artificial radioactive heating radiators are nearby. I can tell you a thing or two about that!

As you know, I have found houses in which the radioactive radiation was higher than that which could be found in playgrounds and public swimming pools near the Chernobyl accident.

The reason for this is radioactive construction materials: cinders, ashes, chemical gypsum, tiles, pumice and metallurgical stones -- all sorts of possible and impossible industry waste.

It’s dangerous recycling within your own home.




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In such an environment, you should not care about terrestrial radiation any longer. Would you measure a chirping cricket in the midst of a noisy rock concert?

Additionally, certain antiques, minerals and glazes – in direct range of your body – can radiate so strongly that biological risks can become immense.

While visiting three patients with brain tumors, I found just beside the head of one person a very old alarm clock that was radiating radioactivity; with another, a dark green glazed image of St. Mary, and in the third room an orange art nouveau ashtray. In all three cases, the radioactivity coming from these items were several times higher than the law allows for workers in nuclear power plants – and for a short period of time only.

Measurement Devices: The Scintillation Counter

For measuring terrestrial radiation, I use my most expensive instruments: highly sensitive scintillation counters. For measuring construction material, I use proportional and Geiger-Muller-counter tubes, and xenon-large-area detectors.

My experiences with measurements of radioactivity soon led to the decision to build a measuring device especially well-suited for building, biological, and geo-biological work, and one that was constructed to my own specifications. It is called the scintillation counter.

The very high sensitivity of the third prototype convinced me: more than 250 impulses per second in a normal radiation background, and more than 500 impulses per second on geologically disturbed surfaces. This was the right device.

A scintillation counter receives gamma rays via a crystal sensor. The rays are converted into light flashes, boosted as electrical impulses via a photo-multiplier and then calculated and displayed by sophisticated electronics.

Besides its extreme measuring preciseness, the scintillation counter has the particular advantage of being extremely sensitive to gamma rays. It is the only device with a high degree of sensitivity for neutrons.

The relationships became more and more obvious. I became more and more excited. The search for books and the exchange of experiences started. There was also a large amount of frustration involved. I seemed to be the only person interested in the subject.





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Finally, I obtained some references. Wust had already reported about measurements of gamma rays at “geopathic zones.” The scientists, physicists and doctors Williams, Weber, Cody, Lorenz and Bickel (the last one from California) had made similar successful experiments.

The picture became more complete when I met Jakob Stangle for the first time. He, more than anybody else, has shown that there is a relationship between subterraneous water sources and ionizing radioactive radiation.

Jakob Stangle’s Scintillation Measurements

Hundreds of successful well drillings are the result of his scintillation measurements. He has opened up thermal fountains in numerous spas in Europe. Some of the well- known mineral waters exist only because he found their origin deep in the earth. He has supplied many communities with precious water.

With his super-sensitive measuring device (of more than 1,000 impulses per second!), he has shown that you can find water from the ground surface - guaranteed.

More than 35 years of experience makes it possible for Stangle to define, with his measurements, the exact depth, the amount – to the very gallon -- the mineralization, and the temperature of the localized water.

The Daimler-Benz company made five expensive unsuccessful drillings before they called Jakob Stangle with his scintillation counter. The sixth drilling was the final one. They found water, which had the prophesied 17 degree hardness, and which flowed abundantly. A similar situation happened at IBM. Comparable findings were made for other large companies.

35 years ago, Bad Zurzach became a spa. All bells rang when the drilling machine cut the granite crack 500 yards below – out of which the curative water came. Jakob Stangle had estimated that it was between 490 to 510 yards to water. He and his measurement device were right. The future of the Swiss town was guaranteed.

More than 60 years ago, Baron von Pohl located all subterraneous water veins in Vilsbiburg / Bavaria with his rod, and recorded them on a map of the town. There turns out to be significant relationships between these zones and cancer patients of the town, as they were sleeping exactly above these zones.

In 1972 Jakob Stangle walked through Vilsbiburg with his scintillation counter and totally confirmed the work of his sensitive predecessor by exact measurements, in two absolute blind tests.





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MAPPED AND CONFIRMED

An architect intended to buy and renovate a large villa at the Baldeney Lake in Essen, Germany. My measurement of the radioactivity, with the scintillation counter, showed a 12-yard wide disturbance that could be detected in the whole house, outside the building, and in the nearby yard.

The skeptic went to the geological state agency and got confirmation of my findings. He found there was indeed a water-bearing dislocation, which was officially plotted on two geological maps made in 1911 and in 1980.

I would not have thought of that. Live and learn.

Another time, a doctor recommended to the manager of a concert agency to have her home examined by me. She lived to the south of Baldeney Lake. There, I found the same rare results: anomalies throughout the entire house.

She also looked into the geological maps and found the disturbance was mapped by the Krefeld agency.

After these results, I bought several geological maps from North Rhine Westfalia, Germany, and checked ten plotted geological disturbances with my measuring devices. In all cases, my scintillation counter showed, for hundreds of yards, values that were well above average.

You cannot get a better reproduction than that.

The Primary Hazard – Radioactivity

Dr. Dieter Aschoff, active for decades in the topic of terrestrial radiation and corresponding diseases, confirmed that the scintillation counter shows the primary factor for the hazardous effects of disturbance zones: radioactivity.

He sees a relationship between the measurements and the neutron radiation in the earth as moderated from water veins. In his opinion, the radiation is received by the crystal in the device.

That would explain a lot of things, for example, why the geological stimulus can be fully detected even on the top floor of the skyscraper. Neutrons can penetrate nearly





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unhindered, for miles, through all solid materials.

Only water and a few other specific materials moderate the flow. Therefore, the radiation can be distinctly measured because it does not penetrate without being registered. It disintegrates much earlier than normal, and thus produces a measurable dose.

Radioactivity does not only disintegrate in water, but also in the human body. Dr. Aschoff knows, like any other doctor, that neutron radiation can produce mutations. Neutrons are at the top of biological risk evaluation. They are not, however, comparable with alpha, beta, gamma and x-ray radiations.

It is astonishing to read the current results of several research institutes, among them the radiation center in Glessen, that cell changes -- from very low radiation dosages – are much more frequent than you would expect, based on our present knowledge.

Only a small amount of radiation proved to be more capable of changing the genotype and to generate cancer than you would expect – especially in relation to much larger radiation amounts. Can a little be too much?

Our present knowledge is sufficient to challenge science to do more research. Questions without answers do not change the facts: there are definite direct relationships between ionized radiation (how radioactivity is sometimes called) and “geopathy;” what medicine calls the consequences of subterraneous water veins and dislocations.

Not only can you measure the increase of radioactivity locally, but also in the blood of the person who is disturbed geologically in his bedroom.

30 years ago, the Wuppertal physician Dr. Aschoff developed the electromagnetic blood test, named after him by medical experts. He and correspondingly trained doctors try to prove, with blood samples, whether a patient is “loaded” or not.

They have detected the same measurements in
the blood of the patients as found near the
bedrooms of the patients: a reaction to ionizing
beams – as a consequence of radioactivity over terrestrial disturbance zones.


Disturbance Zones in Your Blood: The Aschoff Test and Other Approaches




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The inventor has already executed 20,000 tests in his practice.

The lab test has been refined and enlarged during the years. Today it presents a large range of interesting diagnostic possibilities for building biology. The measuring of the blood not only generates results on geologically produced effects but also detects other electrical and magnetic loads.

Due to stress from currents and radiation, your blood loses its natural magnetic pattern and is “electrically” depolarized into the contrary sign.

Other doctors, and non-medical healers, use the MORA therapy, the bio-electronic function diagnostics (BFD), the electro-acupuncture according to Voll (EAV) or they use the Vega test, to detect the individual biological reaction to geological or electromagnetic stress factors.

DOUBLE-BLIND TESTING

I am fortunate to be able to make local measurements for patients of Dr. Aschoff and other doctors who apply his blood test or other such tests. We work closely together. Thus, the patient has the chance of a double-blind test for his own safety. I can learn from my mistakes because everyone can control and review my findings.

The doctor obtains, from my building-biological measurements, the confirmation of whether his tests reflect the stress influences that I find in the home of the patient.

For the last six years, my statistics show that 200 patients, who had an anomalous “electric” blood test, also had a correspondingly disturbed sleeping place.

After a building-biological sanitation the pathological results changed, and after about four weeks, the biological order, the magnetic blood test re-appeared.

And all tests had a significance of 85 percent!

The MORA test, which has the same reliable results, taken from various physical secretions and excretions, shows a similar significance as the Aschoff tests.

With sensitive electronic devices you can test whether liquids in your body are “anti- clockwise” or “clockwise.” This can be compared with “electrical” or “magnetic,” as in the Aschoff test. Personally, I apply the MORA test and I am always surprised about the reliability of this double-blind test.

If the bedroom is disturbed geologically or technically, then the MORA “turning-test” will also show disorder. If the client has an undisturbed sleeping place, then MORA confirms the biological order.



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A MATTER OF FAITH...

As you can see, you don’t have to rely solely on the pendulum or the rod. Certainly there are experts in this field. But you never know who enters your house, and so it becomes a matter of faith or confidence.

I know of only three dowsers who are able to detect terrestrial radiation with a sufficient level of reliability.

Unfortunately, I also know still more dowsers who make up so much nonsense that I cannot understand why prudent people can be taken in by them. I find it especially scandalous when they play with seriously ill people for their own financial gain.

In America, Australia, Sweden, and Germany, many thousand dowsers have been tested thoroughly during the last couple of years. Are they capable or not?

99 percent are not capable. All test results by investigating scientists and universities have shown that.

This has also been my own experience. After 3,000 examinations, I have only found five cases where the results of dowsers have been identical with the physical measurements. And I have many encounters with dowsers. Oftentimes I am not the first investigator in the house.

USING MEASUREMENTS INSTEAD OF ASSUMPTIONS

Professor H. Konig demands measurements instead of assumptions. He prepared, along with other scientists, a research project funded by the Federal Minister for Research (with 400,000 DM) and has only recently published his results.

He tested 500 dowsers. All of them agreed to the test conditions.

The capability of five of them was “with high probability.” That again, is only one percent.

Let me review three case studies.

Case Study # 1: Seven Dowsers

A young lady who was ill ordered seven dowser examinations during one year. Seven times she rearranged her bedroom and moved her bed. Seven times, the dowsers


Official Examinations Prove My Experience Correct: 99 Percent of Dowsers are Not Capable Enough



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discovered a new “water vein” under the bedroom with rod swings. The real problem?

The bed itself was loaded from extreme magnetic radiators, in the iron bed and springs. Thus, the disturbing zone (the bed itself) was moved around the house, trying to flee from the alleged water vein.

A wooden bed without iron parts in the frame and mattress brought the desired result: the lady recovered. The measuring result: no water veins under the house.

Case Study # 2: The Bed in the Tub

A dowser “discovered” so many water veins and dislocations that no square yard remained stress free for sleeping in the home of a couple with a 12 year-old daughter with cancer.

The family was in despair. They intended to sell their apartment. When the family did not agree to the very expensive “fault-clearing,” they finally found a stress free place – in the bathroom.

My local measurement?

The entire apartment had an extreme loading of 400,000 volts per meter because of an electrostatic synthetic floor. No wonder that the tiled bathroom was without stress. Today they have cork on the floor in the kitchen, office, living room and bedroom. They never have thought about selling their apartment again.

Case Study # 3: The Distant Assumption

A professional man suffering from cancer asked a dowser, who did not even enter the man’s apartment, to give him a recommendation. The dowser made his pendulum swing over the floor plan of the house. Dowsers call this a distant assumption.

Result: 300 Marks and the statement that there is a water vein under the bed. Enclosed – again for 100 DM – was a pencil drawing with chaotic scribbles. The dowser claimed his curing energy had been transferred, with the pencil on the paper, and would provide, forever, for an undisturbed bedroom if the sheet of paper was placed under the bed.

The reality was that the man slept below the electrical supply network of a large building. Changing the bed in the room avoided the high electromagnetic fields. No




International Institute for Bau-Biologie & Ecology (IBE), www.buildingbiology.net Page 14


water veins at all. His health condition stabilized within a short period of time.

Anti-Interference Devices

Oftentimes I’ll find a number of “anti-interference devices” during my house examinations. Things like small boxes, blankets, mattresses and plates, flower pots full of pebbles, systematically arranged coins under the bed and futuristically looking antenna arrangements, mysterious interference transmitters, pyramid-like constructions and wires, loops and circles made from copper.

Horseshoes on the room door, cork under the mattress, beer bottles full of holy water in the wardrobe or glass bulbs hidden in the garden.

Colored drawings with all sorts of symbols from all cultures

and religions, ampoules on the wall with mysteriously bad smelling liquids, welded plastic boxes without any contents, emitters of magnetic

waves, packages of peat, straw, highly polished crystals, resonators and absorbers with and without international certificates of unknown associations.

It’s easy to think they’re crazy people. But this is not true. They are just ill. However, none of these things have any effect at all.

How can you screen neutron radiation on the eighteenth-floor of a large building? Yet even doctors have recommended similar useless nonsense.

Every other year or so, a new researcher detects a certain new radiation phenomenon. He calls it by his own name and thus puts himself into dowsers’ history.

If you believe that then you do not find a square yard on the earth without disturbances by some “cosmic” zone. Be they from global or diagonal net or grid zones, from radiation pyramids, cubes, double and geomagnetic zones, telluric radiations and carbon grids. Everything nicely portioned in one, two, three or four different priorities.

Thus, the total cosmic wave jam splits our nice world – crisscrossed from the South to the North, from East to West, into patterns of good and evil – yard by yard – according to inventors: Hartmann, Curry, Wittman, Bereschneider, Mattler, Schneider, Benker, Schweitzer, and others.





International Institute for Bau-Biologie & Ecology (IBE), www.buildingbiology.net Page 15


MANY UNSOLVED RIDDLES STILL REMAIN

You see, we have contradictions here too. The number of theories equals the number of people who are working with them. I become skeptical when I hear of a self-called expert who has “the right knowledge.”

We do not, as yet, have such experts. In regard to terrestrial radiation we still have a lot of unsolved riddles beside the ones we now understand. I restrict myself to the peculiarities that we can, and do, measure.

So for any additional assumptions referring to the existence of geological disturbances and their effects, I react with extreme caution.

Is Your House Geologically Undisturbed?

I can define a room or a house geologically undisturbed – but not before at least two ensuring parameters are in absolute balance: the radioactivity and the magnetic field of the earth.

When I am in doubt – and this does not happen too often – I add the measurement of the skin resistance and the air ions. I want to be precise.

If there are indications of geological disturbances, then I always recommend changing the sleeping areas and the medical control as a matter of caution. The positive feedback of patients, and the constructive cooperation with doctors and non-medical healers convince me that I am on the right track.

All approaches of “de-jamming” or “screening” are impossible.

If you can still measure the natural terrestrial radioactive radiation, and the strong magnetic field of the earth at the highest floor of a skyscraper, how can you screen such thoroughly penetrating powers, and with what tools?

I have made hundreds of tests with hundreds of “de-jamming devices.” They are all useless.

The medical controls, according to Aschoff and MORA, confirm this. The only safe “de-jamming” is moving to a geologically undisturbed place.

I hope that I have succeeded in presenting this complex and complicated topic as





International Institute for Bau-Biologie & Ecology (IBE), www.buildingbiology.net Page 16


easily and clearly as possible. I am deeply convinced that it is right and important to make a modest contribution, on every possible level, to making our life and our environment more healthy and free from stress. The lack of information is considerable.

Certainly the revelation of building-biological risks is only one of the many mosaic pieces in the large picture of biological stresses. Denatured and devalued food, lack of physical exercise, chemical toxins everywhere ... and the arrogance to think that the way we describe civilization is the totally valid yardstick: all of this can make you sick.

IGNORING THE SLEEPING PLACE OF THE PATIENT IS AKIN TO MALPRACTICE

I am convinced – and I say that deliberately – that it is a malpractice, in the sense of holistic medical diagnosis and therapy, not to look at the sleeping place of the patient.

In a time where, in Germany and America, every third person dies from cancer, 350,000 people with heart and circulatory diseases, in a time where every third person is allergic, every fifth person of our affluent society is psychically ill, a time in which 50 percent of the mammals – the human being is a mammal too – become extinct, risks are run beyond calculation – we must take preventive steps.

In such a time, every action that expands our minds and reduces our health risks, no matter how small, must be taken!

Thank you for your attention!



International Institute for Bau-Biologie & Ecology (IBE), www.buildingbiology.net Page 17



Vega testing for geopathic stress.   Does it work?

 eMJA     The Medical Journal of Australia

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POSITION STATEMENT

Vega testing in the diagnosis of allergic conditions

C H Katelaris, J M Weiner, R J Heddle, M S Stuckey and K W Yan for The Australian College of Allergy *

Vega testing (the Vega test method) is an unorthodox method of diagnosing allergic and other diseases. It has no established scientific basis and there are no controlled trials to support its usefulness. Vega testing may lead to inappropriate treatment and expense to the patient and community.

(Med J Aust 1991; 155: 113-114)

Vega testing is a form of modified electroacupuncture. It is an unorthodox technique which its proponents claim can diagnose allergic and other diseases.

Theoretical basis

Testing with the Vega machine is one of the bioenergetic regulatory techniques that has its origins in acupuncture and homoeopathy. Its basis is the concept of "energetic pathology", which postulates that the first sign of abnormality in the body is an electrical charge. Further, if abnormal electrical charges continue for long enough, then eventually structural changes will ensue. 1

The Vega machine purports to measure one aspect of these bioenergetic phenomena by recording the change in skin conductivity after the application of a small voltage. Localisation of the source of an abnormal response is accomplished by placing homoeopathic extracts in this electrical loop. 2

Development of Vega testing

The technique that antedates Vega testing is electroacupuncture according to Voll (known as EAV). In the 1950s, a German doctor, Reinholdt Voll, promoted the concept that electrical changes at specific acupuncture points were related to pathology in the organs to which the measured point belonged. 1 Voll developed a complex diagnostic system based on the acupuncture meridian system. Further, he placed extracts of medicines into series in the circuit and claimed that useful medicines could thus be detected. His technique necessitated the measurement at many acupuncture points.

Another German doctor, Helmut Schimmel, used only one skin point as an indicator. He suggested that the site or organ of abnormality could be detected by placing homoeopathic extracts of mammalian organs into the circuit. 1 The apparatus which he developed in the early 1970s used this principle and was the Vega test system.

Vega testing apparatus and technique

The apparatus consists of a box which contains a galvanometer (Wheatstone bridge circuit). This compares the resistance between the skin in contact with a hand electrode and the skin tested with a measuring stylus. The other contents of the box are an electrical source to provide a direct voltage of 0.87 volt through the patient, and a metal honeycomb in which ampoules can be placed in series with the circuit. A dial with 100 scale divisions shows 100 when the connected resistance is 0, and shows 0 when the connected resistance is infinity.

Initially, a piezoelectric spark generator (producing 400 volts/second), is applied to the patient. This "stresses" the patient and is claimed to unmask weaknesses in the body. 3,4 The patient grasps the hand electrode, and a control measurement is made by applying the stylus (probe) to the patient's finger or toe. The machine is adjusted until a reading of 80 to 100 scale units is produced. A chosen extract is now placed in the circuit and the measurement repeated. A drop of 15 scale units or more is considered a positive result.

It should be emphasised that the various extracts are in homoeopathic doses. Dilutions of 10-4 or greater are usual. In addition, these extracts are in sealed ampoules which are inserted into the metal honeycomb. The ampoules are not opened. The current flows around these ampoules.

Diagnostic claims of Vega testing

Many claims are made of the diagnostic capabilities of Vega testing. 2-4 The main points are as follows.


  1. 1.The site of the abnormality is determined by the organ extract which elicits a positive response. Extracts from all organs, including such diverse ones as the coronary arteries and the common bile duct, are supplied. There are even extracts of left and right mammary gland, and of left and right epididymis.

  2. 2."Pretesting" is a technique for obtaining information about general "stresses". Examples of extracts that are used and what they detect include: chlorophyll or linseed oil (chronic stress), saturated sugar water (acute stress), Candida (multiple food allergies), and allergy "injectopas" [sic] (autoimmune diseases). There are many other examples.

  3. 3."Geopathic stress" is claimed to arise from subtle environmental influences such as mines, caves, running water, electrical appliances and gravity fields. Extracts of agate, calcium or silica are used to detect these disturbances. There is even a report of a false-negative geopathic stress test result due to the influence of the full moon. 3,4

  4. 4.The "biological age" of a person is determined by different dilutions of "potentised mesenchyme (embryonic connective tissue)" [sic].

  5. 5.Stresses and disorders which are undetectable can be measured by adding an "amplification" extract. The recommended extract for this purpose is "epiphysis" (pineal gland organ preparation).

  6. 6.Premalignant conditions are diagnosed by means of "psorinum" extract. Test ampoules containing homoeopathic extracts of carcinoma, sarcoma and leukaemic white blood cells, among others, are used to identify these tumours in the body. An extract of the poison ivy plant (Toxicodendron radicans) is used to diagnose the presence of cysts in the patient.

  7. 7.Many other specific claims are made. Allergies to any substances can be detected by placing extracts of these substances in the circuit. There appear to be no restrictions on the type of material that can be tested. The detection of food intolerance is claimed to be "quick and reliable" and "about 80% accurate".3,4 Vega testing is promoted for the diagnosis of such "disorders" as Candida allergy, chronic sinusitis, streptococcal toxicity and chronic tonsillitis, Salmonella toxicity and myalgic encephalomyelitis. 3,4

The evidence

There is no evidence to support the theoretical basis or the practical claims of the Vega test method. This is admitted by the inventor of the Vega machine, Dr H Schimmel, who writes "the effective base of the Vega test method is still unknown . . .2

Various techniques have been used to rationalise the use of these bioregulatory techniques, including the Vega machine. These are as follows.


  1. 1.Convoluted pseudoscientific jargon. A good example is the following sentence taken from the handbook which accompanies the Vega machine: "Only after applying a suitable stress, which forces the organism to regulate in response to this stress, can the energetic compensatory processes be made manifest for a short time, and in most cases, show a clear correspondence with the morphological findings. 2

  2. 2.Allusion to accepted physical principles. Krop et al. make the statement that "the key to scientific understanding of these techniques lies in the area of particle physics, particularly the Heisenberg uncertainty principle and the Einstein-Rodolsky-Rosen effect".5 However, neither they nor others attempt to bridge the gap between traditional physics and bioregulatory diagnosis.

  3. 3.Begging the question. Kenyon, in his book, 21st century medicine, writes "the observation that structural change in the body ensues following pre-existing long-standing electrical change is repeatedly confirmed by bioregulatory techniques".1 Kenyon assumed that bioregulatory techniques are a scientifically valid method of measurement.

  4. 4.Irrelevant citations. A recent review of Vega testing by Gould cites three references as "some evidence supporting the relationship between evoked electrical conductivity and particular acupuncture points which are of diagnostic value to the patient's particular disease process".3,4 In fact, the first of these references is a letter to the editor in the Journal of General Practice, which has no direct supportive data. 6 The second reference purports to provide evidence that the evoked electrical conductivity on lung acupuncture points can diagnose lung cancer. 7 This paper describes as many false positive results as true positive results and subsequently counted twice in some instances, thus expanding the series. The major confounding factor -- that of moist skin in sick, worried subjects, and dry skin in relaxed, healthy subjects -- is not eliminated. The third paper describes the change in skin resistance after vagotomy in rabbits and presents no statistical analysis of the findings. 8

  5. 5.Claims of clinical success. This is the "fall-back" position of proponents of the Vega test method. 3,4 There are no controlled trials to support claims such as "... what are more important than the scant scientific data, are the clinical results obtained".3,4

Assessment and recommendations

Vega testing is a technique of diagnosis without scientific basis. It purports to be useful in assessing a large range of conditions from allergy to cancer. At the best, it is a prop which can help some patients overcome ill-defined symptoms. At the worst, it can lead to inappropriate or delayed treatment. 9 Proponents of the system use a smoke screen of illusion which includes convoluted scientific jargon and unsubstantiated claims of efficacy.

The Medical Practitioners Disciplinary Committee in New Zealand has recently censured a medical practitioner who used a Vega machine. 10

The Australian College of Allergy concludes:


  1. 1.Vega testing (Vega test method) is without established scientific basis in the diagnosis of allergy.

  2. 2.The use of Vega testing may lead to inappropriate treatment and expense to the patient and community.


*The authors constitute the Scientific and Therapeutic Subcommittee of The Australian College of Allergy.

Westmead Hospital, Westmead, NSW 2145.
Constance H Katelaris, MB BS, PhD, FRACP, Visiting Medical Officer

Alfred Hospital, Commercial Road, Prahran, VIC 3181.
John M Weiner, MB BS, FRACP, FRCPA, Assistant Physician

Royal Adelaide Hospital, North Terrace, Adelaide, SA 5000.
Robert J Heddle, MB BS, PhD, FRACP, FRCPA, Senior Visiting Specialist in Allergy

State Health Laboratories, Nedlands, WA 6009.
Martin S Stuckey, MB BS, FRACP, FRCPA, Immunologist/Pathologist

Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Camperdown, NSW 2050.
Kwok W Yan, MD, FRACP, Visiting Medical Officer

The Medical Journal of Australia    eMJA  


Readers may print a single copy for personal use. No further reproduction or distribution of the articles should proceed without the permission of the publisher. For permission, contact the Australasian Medical Publishing Company
Journalists are welcome to write news stories based on what they read here, but should acknowledge their source as "an article published on the Internet by The Medical Journal of Australia <http://www.mja.com.au>".
<URL: http://www.mja.com.au/> © 1997 Medical Journal of Australia.

References

  1. 1.Kenyon JN. 21st century medicine: a layman=s guide to the medicine of the future. Wellingborough, Northants: Thorsons, 1986.

  2. 2.Fehrenbach J, Noll H, Nolte HG, et al. Short manual of the Vegatest-method. Schiltach: BER, 1986.

  3. 3.Gould G. Vegatest method - part 1. N Z J Acupuncture 1987; Apr 6-14.

  4. 4.Gould G. Vegatest method - part 2. N Z J Acupuncture 1987; Aug 17-24.

  5. 5.Krop J, Swiertzek J, Wood A. Comparison of ecological testing with the Vega test method in identifying sensitivities to chemicals, foods and inhalants. Am J Acupuncture 1985; 13 253-259.

  6. 6.Kenyon J. EAV diagnosis. J Gen Pract 1986: 3; 2.

  7. 7.Sullivan SG, Egglestone DW, Martinoff JT, Kroening RJ. Evoked electrical conductivity on the lung acupuncture points in healthy individuals and confirmed lung cancer patients. Am J Acupuncture 1985; 13: 261-266 .

  8. 8.Matsumoto T, Hayes MF. Acupuncture, electric phenomenon of the skin, and postvagotomy gastrointestinal atony. Am J Surg 1973; 125: 176-180.

  9. 9.David TJ. Unorthodox allergy procedures. Arch Dis Child 1987; 62: 1060-1062.

  10. 10.Anonymous. Medical Practitioners Disciplinary Committee: professional misconduct findings against Dr D W Steeper [Medico-legal]. N Z Med J 1990; 103: 194-195.

Home | Issues | eMJA shop | Terms of use | MJA Careers | More... | Contact | Topics | Search

The Medical Journal of Australia    eMJA  


Readers may print a single copy for personal use. No further reproduction or distribution of the articles should proceed without the permission of the publisher. For permission, contact the Australasian Medical Publishing Company
Journalists are welcome to write news stories based on what they read here, but should acknowledge their source as "an article published on the Internet by The Medical Journal of Australia <http://www.mja.com.au>".
<URL: http://www.mja.com.au/> ©


  eMJA     The Medical Journal of Australia

Home | Issues | eMJA shop | MJA Careers | Contact | More... | Topics | Search | Login | Buy full access   

POSITION STATEMENT

Vega testing in the diagnosis of allergic conditions

C H Katelaris, J M Weiner, R J Heddle, M S Stuckey and K W Yan for The Australian College of Allergy *

Vega testing (the Vega test method) is an unorthodox method of diagnosing allergic and other diseases. It has no established scientific basis and there are no controlled trials to support its usefulness. Vega testing may lead to inappropriate treatment and expense to the patient and community.

(Med J Aust 1991; 155: 113-114)

Vega testing is a form of modified electroacupuncture. It is an unorthodox technique which its proponents claim can diagnose allergic and other diseases.

Theoretical basis

Testing with the Vega machine is one of the bioenergetic regulatory techniques that has its origins in acupuncture and homoeopathy. Its basis is the concept of "energetic pathology", which postulates that the first sign of abnormality in the body is an electrical charge. Further, if abnormal electrical charges continue for long enough, then eventually structural changes will ensue. 1

The Vega machine purports to measure one aspect of these bioenergetic phenomena by recording the change in skin conductivity after the application of a small voltage. Localisation of the source of an abnormal response is accomplished by placing homoeopathic extracts in this electrical loop. 2

Development of Vega testing

The technique that antedates Vega testing is electroacupuncture according to Voll (known as EAV). In the 1950s, a German doctor, Reinholdt Voll, promoted the concept that electrical changes at specific acupuncture points were related to pathology in the organs to which the measured point belonged. 1 Voll developed a complex diagnostic system based on the acupuncture meridian system. Further, he placed extracts of medicines into series in the circuit and claimed that useful medicines could thus be detected. His technique necessitated the measurement at many acupuncture points.

Another German doctor, Helmut Schimmel, used only one skin point as an indicator. He suggested that the site or organ of abnormality could be detected by placing homoeopathic extracts of mammalian organs into the circuit. 1 The apparatus which he developed in the early 1970s used this principle and was the Vega test system.

Vega testing apparatus and technique

The apparatus consists of a box which contains a galvanometer (Wheatstone bridge circuit). This compares the resistance between the skin in contact with a hand electrode and the skin tested with a measuring stylus. The other contents of the box are an electrical source to provide a direct voltage of 0.87 volt through the patient, and a metal honeycomb in which ampoules can be placed in series with the circuit. A dial with 100 scale divisions shows 100 when the connected resistance is 0, and shows 0 when the connected resistance is infinity.

Initially, a piezoelectric spark generator (producing 400 volts/second), is applied to the patient. This "stresses" the patient and is claimed to unmask weaknesses in the body. 3,4 The patient grasps the hand electrode, and a control measurement is made by applying the stylus (probe) to the patient's finger or toe. The machine is adjusted until a reading of 80 to 100 scale units is produced. A chosen extract is now placed in the circuit and the measurement repeated. A drop of 15 scale units or more is considered a positive result.

It should be emphasised that the various extracts are in homoeopathic doses. Dilutions of 10-4 or greater are usual. In addition, these extracts are in sealed ampoules which are inserted into the metal honeycomb. The ampoules are not opened. The current flows around these ampoules.

Diagnostic claims of Vega testing

Many claims are made of the diagnostic capabilities of Vega testing. 2-4 The main points are as follows.


  1. 1.The site of the abnormality is determined by the organ extract which elicits a positive response. Extracts from all organs, including such diverse ones as the coronary arteries and the common bile duct, are supplied. There are even extracts of left and right mammary gland, and of left and right epididymis.

  2. 2."Pretesting" is a technique for obtaining information about general "stresses". Examples of extracts that are used and what they detect include: chlorophyll or linseed oil (chronic stress), saturated sugar water (acute stress), Candida (multiple food allergies), and allergy "injectopas" [sic] (autoimmune diseases). There are many other examples.

  3. 3."Geopathic stress" is claimed to arise from subtle environmental influences such as mines, caves, running water, electrical appliances and gravity fields. Extracts of agate, calcium or silica are used to detect these disturbances. There is even a report of a false-negative geopathic stress test result due to the influence of the full moon. 3,4

  4. 4.The "biological age" of a person is determined by different dilutions of "potentised mesenchyme (embryonic connective tissue)" [sic].

  5. 5.Stresses and disorders which are undetectable can be measured by adding an "amplification" extract. The recommended extract for this purpose is "epiphysis" (pineal gland organ preparation).

  6. 6.Premalignant conditions are diagnosed by means of "psorinum" extract. Test ampoules containing homoeopathic extracts of carcinoma, sarcoma and leukaemic white blood cells, among others, are used to identify these tumours in the body. An extract of the poison ivy plant (Toxicodendron radicans) is used to diagnose the presence of cysts in the patient.

  7. 7.Many other specific claims are made. Allergies to any substances can be detected by placing extracts of these substances in the circuit. There appear to be no restrictions on the type of material that can be tested. The detection of food intolerance is claimed to be "quick and reliable" and "about 80% accurate".3,4 Vega testing is promoted for the diagnosis of such "disorders" as Candida allergy, chronic sinusitis, streptococcal toxicity and chronic tonsillitis, Salmonella toxicity and myalgic encephalomyelitis. 3,4

The evidence

There is no evidence to support the theoretical basis or the practical claims of the Vega test method. This is admitted by the inventor of the Vega machine, Dr H Schimmel, who writes "the effective base of the Vega test method is still unknown . . .2

Various techniques have been used to rationalise the use of these bioregulatory techniques, including the Vega machine. These are as follows.


  1. 1.Convoluted pseudoscientific jargon. A good example is the following sentence taken from the handbook which accompanies the Vega machine: "Only after applying a suitable stress, which forces the organism to regulate in response to this stress, can the energetic compensatory processes be made manifest for a short time, and in most cases, show a clear correspondence with the morphological findings. 2

  2. 2.Allusion to accepted physical principles. Krop et al. make the statement that "the key to scientific understanding of these techniques lies in the area of particle physics, particularly the Heisenberg uncertainty principle and the Einstein-Rodolsky-Rosen effect".5 However, neither they nor others attempt to bridge the gap between traditional physics and bioregulatory diagnosis.

  3. 3.Begging the question. Kenyon, in his book, 21st century medicine, writes "the observation that structural change in the body ensues following pre-existing long-standing electrical change is repeatedly confirmed by bioregulatory techniques".1 Kenyon assumed that bioregulatory techniques are a scientifically valid method of measurement.

  4. 4.Irrelevant citations. A recent review of Vega testing by Gould cites three references as "some evidence supporting the relationship between evoked electrical conductivity and particular acupuncture points which are of diagnostic value to the patient's particular disease process".3,4 In fact, the first of these references is a letter to the editor in the Journal of General Practice, which has no direct supportive data. 6 The second reference purports to provide evidence that the evoked electrical conductivity on lung acupuncture points can diagnose lung cancer. 7 This paper describes as many false positive results as true positive results and subsequently counted twice in some instances, thus expanding the series. The major confounding factor -- that of moist skin in sick, worried subjects, and dry skin in relaxed, healthy subjects -- is not eliminated. The third paper describes the change in skin resistance after vagotomy in rabbits and presents no statistical analysis of the findings. 8

  5. 5.Claims of clinical success. This is the "fall-back" position of proponents of the Vega test method. 3,4 There are no controlled trials to support claims such as "... what are more important than the scant scientific data, are the clinical results obtained".3,4

Assessment and recommendations

Vega testing is a technique of diagnosis without scientific basis. It purports to be useful in assessing a large range of conditions from allergy to cancer. At the best, it is a prop which can help some patients overcome ill-defined symptoms. At the worst, it can lead to inappropriate or delayed treatment. 9 Proponents of the system use a smoke screen of illusion which includes convoluted scientific jargon and unsubstantiated claims of efficacy.

The Medical Practitioners Disciplinary Committee in New Zealand has recently censured a medical practitioner who used a Vega machine. 10

The Australian College of Allergy concludes:


  1. 1.Vega testing (Vega test method) is without established scientific basis in the diagnosis of allergy.

  2. 2.The use of Vega testing may lead to inappropriate treatment and expense to the patient and community.


*The authors constitute the Scientific and Therapeutic Subcommittee of The Australian College of Allergy.

Westmead Hospital, Westmead, NSW 2145.
Constance H Katelaris, MB BS, PhD, FRACP, Visiting Medical Officer

Alfred Hospital, Commercial Road, Prahran, VIC 3181.
John M Weiner, MB BS, FRACP, FRCPA, Assistant Physician

Royal Adelaide Hospital, North Terrace, Adelaide, SA 5000.
Robert J Heddle, MB BS, PhD, FRACP, FRCPA, Senior Visiting Specialist in Allergy

State Health Laboratories, Nedlands, WA 6009.
Martin S Stuckey, MB BS, FRACP, FRCPA, Immunologist/Pathologist

Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Camperdown, NSW 2050.
Kwok W Yan, MD, FRACP, Visiting Medical Officer


References

  1. 1.Kenyon JN. 21st century medicine: a layman=s guide to the medicine of the future. Wellingborough, Northants: Thorsons, 1986.

  2. 2.Fehrenbach J, Noll H, Nolte HG, et al. Short manual of the Vegatest-method. Schiltach: BER, 1986.

  3. 3.Gould G. Vegatest method - part 1. N Z J Acupuncture 1987; Apr 6-14.

  4. 4.Gould G. Vegatest method - part 2. N Z J Acupuncture 1987; Aug 17-24.

  5. 5.Krop J, Swiertzek J, Wood A. Comparison of ecological testing with the Vega test method in identifying sensitivities to chemicals, foods and inhalants. Am J Acupuncture 1985; 13 253-259.

  6. 6.Kenyon J. EAV diagnosis. J Gen Pract 1986: 3; 2.

  7. 7.Sullivan SG, Egglestone DW, Martinoff JT, Kroening RJ. Evoked electrical conductivity on the lung acupuncture points in healthy individuals and confirmed lung cancer patients. Am J Acupuncture 1985; 13: 261-266 .

  8. 8.Matsumoto T, Hayes MF. Acupuncture, electric phenomenon of the skin, and postvagotomy gastrointestinal atony. Am J Surg 1973; 125: 176-180.

  9. 9.David TJ. Unorthodox allergy procedures. Arch Dis Child 1987; 62: 1060-1062.

  10. 10.Anonymous. Medical Practitioners Disciplinary Committee: professional misconduct findings against Dr D W Steeper [Medico-legal]. N Z Med J 1990; 103: 194-195.

Home | Issues | eMJA shop | Terms of use | MJA Careers | More... | Contact | Topics | Search

The Medical Journal of Australia    eMJA  


Readers may print a single copy for personal use. No further reproduction or distribution of the articles should proceed without the permission of the publisher. For permission, contact the Australasian Medical Publishing Company
Journalists are welcome to write news stories based on what they read here, but should acknowledge their source as "an article published on the Internet by The Medical Journal of Australia <http://www.mja.com.au>".
<URL: http://www.mja.com.au/> © 1997 Medical Journal of Australia.

 
 

Vienna Report English translation (Poor Translation)


https://files.acrobat.com/a/preview/a5ee4da7-7f49-4768-9f53-e52e6fed1976